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General presentation of Via Ferrata

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发表于 2011-6-15 22:11 |显示全部帖子
Definition and description

A Via Ferrata is a sport route installed in a rock face, equipped with specific elements (rungs, ramps, footsteps, cables, pitons, etc.) intended to facilitate the climb and to optimize the safety of the users.

Allowing to evolve easily in vertical areas, thanks to the setting-up of climbing assistance hardware and safety equipments with the presence of special anchors (pigtail pins) and the cable set continuously on the whole length of the itinerary, a Via Ferrata allows to respond simultaneously to different objectives:

•        Fun and discovery
•        Sport and nature
•        Adventure and safety
•        Individual and group practice

It is in complete adequacy with today’s people’s expectations for leisure activities which are: fewer constraints, less learning, more sensation, more freedom. It offers a different vision on the environment and allows to discover the world "from above".

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发表于 2011-6-26 22:38 |显示全部帖子
The 1st known via ferrata dated back to 1492, a temporary route built in Mont Aiguille at the request of French King Charles 8.

The 1st permanent via ferrata route was built in 1843 in the Hocher Dachstein, Austria.

In 1869, a new via ferrata route was created in the Studli, connecting the two easy peaks of the Grossglockner, the highest mountain in Austria.

In 1914, the Italian army created via ferrata routes in the Dolomites to help move troops and equipments (including artillery) from one side of a mountain to the other.

Abandoned by the army after the war, Dolomites vie ferrate (plural) were taken care by local people through Club Alpino Italiano (CAI) & developed into a new mountain climbing activity.

Some vie ferrate in the Dolomites are merely a walk in the mountain for 7 to 77 year olds with no special skills required. Some of them even don’t have a cable, a ladder or a hand rail.

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发表于 2011-6-26 22:38 |显示全部帖子
In 1989, the 1st via ferrata was built in Freissinieres in the high Alps, France, and brought new concept to the installation: to have fun and to provide a new experience in the mountains.

From 1990 to 1998, over 40 via ferratas were built by local governments in France to attract tourists.

In 1998, AFIT (Agency Francaise de l’Ingenierie Touristique), the French regulator of tourism related engineering, published official via ferrata construction guidelines Les Via Ferrata en France: guide de savoir-faire to ensure the proper design and construction of via ferrata with environmental, technical and legal considerations.

France is considered as the official centre for contemporary via ferrata sport styles

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